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Western Wheatgrass
A widely distributed, long-lived sod-forming grass of major importance in the Northern Great Plains. In the northern inter-mountain area it is often mixed with bluebunch and thickspike wheatgrasses. It may be found on heavy and alkaline soils swales, shallow lakebeds with some overflow or poor drainage. It can grow through thick layers of silt and can endure long drought periods. While it is considered a good spring and winter range grass, it should not be grazed too heavily or the stand could disappear. It forms a dense sod which is valuable for erosion control.
Seeding rate 5 to 15 lbs/acre

Bluebunch Wheatgrass
Long-lived drought resistant bunchgrass distributed widely from Alaska south through the United States. More drought tolerant than beardless wheatgrass. Withstands proper grazing well, will die out if grazed too early or too hard. Abundant, highly palatable and nutritious forage; also very valuable as a reclamation grass.
Seeding rate 12 to 15 lbs/acre.
Mature height: 24 to 48 inches

Crested Wheatgrass
Also known as standard crested wheatgrass. A hardy, drought resistant, cool-season, long-lived perennial bunchgrass which tolerates heavy grazing but not prolonged flooding. Slightly more cold, shade, and moisture tolerant than Fairway Crested Wheatgrass. Starts growth early in spring, ready to graze before native pastures. Valuable in areas of 9 to 15 inches annual rainfall, requires 12 inches or more in southern areas. Grown from Great Plains to the Cascades and south to Arizona and New Mexico. Does well on most soils, from light sandy loams to heavy clays. Low tolerance to alkali soils. Highly productive, most growth occurs in early spring. Has excellent palatability and nutritive content for early grazing. Used for erosion control in disturbed areas.
Seeding rate 6 to 8 lbs/acre.
Germination: 12 to 18 days.
Mature height: 8 to 24 inches

Fairway Crested Wheatgrass
A cool-season drought resistant, slightly rhizomatous, hardy bunchgrass used extensively for pasture and hay in Canada and somewhat in northern Great Plains and Intermountain areas of the U.S. Shorter, more dense, finer stemmed and less productive than crested wheatgrass. More satisfactory for dryland lawns and turf seedings because of more dense growth and finer appearance. Generally adapted to higher altitudes and more moist areas than crested wheatgrass. Fairway crested wheatgrass has a lower forage yield, but higher TDN content than crested wheatgrass.
Seeding rate 6 to 8 lbs/acre.
Germination: 12 to 18 days.
Mature height: 6 to 18 inches

Slender Wheatgrass
Important cool-season native perennial bunchgrass in northern Great Plains, distributed from Newfoundland to Alaska, and south to Utah and Colorado. More readily established than most grasses because of high germation and vigorous seedlings. Relatively short-lived, tolerant to alkali soils, less drought resistant than crested or western wheatgrass. Prefers lighter soils and sandy loams. Seldom found in pure stands, should be seed in mixtures with other grasses. Usually not awned, the seedhead appearance is slender, distinguishing this grass from other wheatgrasses.
Seeding rate 8 to 10 lbs/acre.
Germination: about 14 days.
Mature height: 18 to 30 inches

Tall Wheatgrass
A tall, coarse, long-lived, late-maturing bunchgrass used for hay and pasture primarily in the northern Great Plains and the intermountain region. Can be grown on wet, alkaline and saline soils; is used extensively for reclamation of these soils; has good seedling vigor. Not as drought resistant as crested wheatgrass. Produces high yields, but not as palatable as most wheatgrasses. Makes fair hay, can be used for silage. Does not withstand close grazing.
Seeding rate 14 to 15 lbs/acre.
Germination: 12 to 18 days.
Mature height: 30 to 60 inches

Beardless Wheatgrass
Long-lived drought tolerant bunchgrass. Sometimes called beardless bluebunch wheatgrass because of the similarity of its growth habit to bluebunch wheatgrass, but has very few or no awns (beards). Some agronomists consider beardless wheatgrass to be an awnless type of bluebunch wheatgrass. Primarily found in the intermountain region. Adapted to the same areas as crested wheatgrass in the Northwest, but can be grazed later in the season and is more palatable. Low seeding vigor delays establishment.
Seeding rate 6 to 10 lbs/acre.
Germination: 21 to 28 days.
Mature height: 12 to 24 inches

Steambank Wheatgrass
A sod-forming, very drought tolerant low growing coars, perennial grass. Grows in the area from British Columbia and Alerberta though Washington and Montana, to Nevada, Colorado, and Utah. Strong rhizomes aid rapid spread to form a dense sod which is highly resistant to erosion. Valuable for ground cover, airports, roadside seedings, and is especially useful for controlling erosion of canal banks.
Seeding rate 8 to 10 lbs/acre.
Germination: about 14 days.
Mature height: 12 to 20 inches

Thickspike Wheatgrass
Another cool-season, low-growing, sod-forming perennial native bunchgrass, has wider range of distribution than many other wheatgrasses. Grows readily from Michigan to Nevada, Hudson Bay to Alaska, prevalent in the Pacific Northwest, common in the intermountain region. Does well on light-textured or eroded soils, found on dry hillsides, exposed ridges, and benchlands to altitudes of 10,000 feet. Begins growth early in spring, provides good early pasture, but becomes wiry as season advances. More drought tolerant than western wheatgrass. Primary uses include: stabilization of roadsides, airports, recreation areas, reclamation areas and construction sites.
Seeding rate 8 to 10 lbs/acre.
Germination: about 14 days.
Mature height: 12 to 24 inches

Intermediate Wheatgrass
An important cool-season sod-forming late-maturing perennial grass imported successfully in 1932 from Russia. Used for pasture and hay in the northern Great Plains, west to Washington, south to Colorado and Kansas. Adapted to areas of 15 or more inches of annual rainfall; has grown in elevations up to 10,000 feet. Good persistence, drought tolerance and winter hardiness. Produces good hay yields, grows well with alfalfa, sutiable for erosion control. On well-drained, fertile soils with ample moisture will grow to 6 feet. Hay yields are high, makes excellent pasture from early spring to late summer. Easily established, grows rapidly. Not as winter hardy as crested wheatgrass. Difficult to maintain stands more than 6 years.
Seeding rate 12 to 15 lbs/acre.
Germination: about 14 days.
Mature height: 30 to 60 inches

Pubescent Wheatgrass
Cool-season sod-forming perennial grass closely related to intermediate wheatgrass. The two are similar in growth habit, period of growth, and most characteristics, differing in that the heads and seeds of pubescent wheatgrass are covered with short, stiff hairs. Pubescent wheatgrass may be more drought tolerant than intermediate wheatgrass. Used for permanent seedings on rangeland. Needs a minimum of 12 inches of rainfall below 3,500 feet elevation.
Seeding rate 12 to 15 lbs/acre.
Germination: about 14 days.
Mature height: 28 to 50 inches

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